Between 2010 and 2016, the worldwide suicide price decreased by 9.8%, the UN well being physique mentioned in its second report on the difficulty. The one area to see a rise was the Americas.
“Each demise is a tragedy for household, pals and colleagues. But suicides are preventable. We name on all nations to include confirmed suicide prevention methods into nationwide well being and teaching programs in a sustainable means,” mentioned WHO Director-Normal, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
WHO mentioned near 800,000 individuals die by suicide yearly, greater than these misplaced to malaria, breast most cancers, or battle and murder, calling it a “severe international public well being concern.” It mentioned solely 38 nations had suicide prevention methods.
Suicide charges had been increased than the worldwide, age-standardized common — 10.5 per 100,000 individuals — in Africa, Europe and Southeast Asia.
Worldwide, extra males killed themselves than girls, WHO mentioned, with 7.5 suicide deaths per 100,000 girls and 13.7 suicides per 100,000 males. The one nations the place the suicide price was estimated to be increased in girls than males had been Bangladesh, China, Lesotho, Morocco, and Myanmar.
“Whereas 79% of the world’s suicides occurred in low- and middle-income nations, high-income nations had the best price, at 11.5 per 100,000” individuals, WHO mentioned.
“Almost thrice as many males as girls die by suicide in high-income nations, in distinction to low- and middle-income nations, the place the speed is extra equal,” the WHO assertion mentioned.
“Suicide was the second-leading explanation for demise amongst younger individuals aged 15-29 years, after highway harm. Amongst teenagers aged 15-19 years, suicide was the second-leading explanation for demise amongst women (after maternal situations) and the third-leading explanation for demise in boys, after highway harm and interpersonal violence.”
WHO mentioned one method to deliver down the worldwide suicide price can be to restrict entry to pesticides, which — together with hanging and firearms — are the commonest methodology of suicide. For instance, in Sri Lanka, a sequence of bans on extremely hazardous pesticides led to a 70% lower in suicides, saving an estimated 93,000 lives from 1995 and 2015. Equally, in South Korea, a ban on the herbicide paraquat was adopted by a 50% lower in suicide deaths from pesticide poisoning from 2011-2013.
Different steps the WHO mentioned have helped cut back suicides embrace educating the media on tips on how to report responsibly on suicide, figuring out individuals in danger early and serving to younger individuals construct abilities that assist them address life stresses.
World suicide prevention day is September 10.