Netflix could also be identified for its video streaming service however the firm additionally offers with a whole lot of photographs and due to this, it has launched an replace to a brand new picture file format referred to as AVIF (AV1 Picture File Format) which it believes can exchange JPEGs.
The video streaming big has even open sourced the AVIF framework to permit others to match it to current picture codecs when it comes to efficiency and compression effectivity.
For the previous two years, Netflix has been creating AVIF below the Alliance for Open Media alongside Google, Microsoft, Fb, Mozilla and others.
Nonetheless, on the identical time, the makers of the 27 yr previous JPEG specification, the Joint Photographic Consultants Group, have been creating a brand new JPEG specification referred to as JPEG XL.
Along with JPEG XL, AVIF can be competing in opposition to the WebP format that’s being developed by Google and is at the moment supported on Android, Firefox, Microsoft Edge and Google Chrome.
WebP is not good although and Netflix’s engineers observe in a blog post that it would not have the pliability of the JPEG 2000 format although it does assist lossless coding in addition to a lossless alpha channel which makes it extra environment friendly and a sooner different to PNG in some circumstances.
AVIF’s closing competitor is Excessive-Effectivity Video Coding or HVEC and it’s a successor to H.264 or Superior Video Coding and is supported on each iOS and macOS.
In accordance with Netflix, AVIF can present superior compression effectivity when in comparison with different picture file codecs however AVIF continues to be at an early stage of growth. The Alliance for Open Media is creating the libavif open supply library for encoding and decoding AVIF photographs which ought to assist spur adoption of the brand new picture file format.
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By way of ZDNet